Testimonials page; Contact information; Payment information; Terms and conditions; About the TOK course . Structured Analytic Techniques for Intelligence Analysis is not a textbook on intelligence, the analytical process, or obstacles to effective, unbiased thinking. endstream endobj 2492 0 obj<>/Size 2482/Type/XRef>>stream %PDF-1.4 %���� Brainstorming is an activity that will help you generate more innovative ideas. The Third Edition of Structured Analytic Techniques for Intelligence Analysis by Randolph H. Pherson and Richards J. Heuer Jr showcases sixty-six structured analytic techniques—nine new to this edition—that represent the most current best practices in intelligence, law enforcement, homeland security, and business analysis. You might choose to practice this type of exercise early in the morning before you begin your daily routine. 11. 0 Structured thinking is a process of putting a framework to an unstructured problem. 2482 12 The John A. Dutton e-Education Institute is the learning design unit of the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at The Pennsylvania State University. 0000004325 00000 n The fundamental principle of this shift is that everything is interconnected. Structured analysis: This uses structured techniques to mitigate the adverse impact on our analysis of known cognitive limitations and pitfalls. Structured Analytical Techniques (SATs) offer clients a deeper understanding of the information collected during enhanced due diligence or asset tracing assignments, where frequently information does not present a plain black and white picture, and analysis is required. Use your critical thinking skills to fine-tune your idea and ready it to reach the audience. a desire by policy makers who receive analysis that it be more transparent as to how conclusions were reached. It is clear is that structured methodologies are severely neglected by the geospatial community. It is useful in ensuring that all participants have an equal say and can be used to generate a ranked list of ideas (Wellner, 2003). The moderator writes down each idea on the flip chart. He coauthored Critical Thinking for Strategic Intelligence with Katherine Hibbs Pherson, Cases in Intelligence Analysis: Structured Analytic Techniques in Action with Sarah Miller Beebe, and several other guides for analysts on writing, briefing, indicators, and managing the production process. 0000001544 00000 n At McKinsey, one of the lessons I learned was the importance of structured thinking and communication. Structured brainstorming is a technique used to generate ideas, which can help to solve a problem. ��F��E�SSK)6 S�F~c�GI����1��֍��] `�l*1bDLp��[yߴfq�K��{��s�9w^ Structured Analytic Techniques … The most distinctive characteristic is that structured techniques help to decompose one's geospatial thinking in a manner that enables it to be reviewed, documented, and critiqued. %%EOF 2217 Earth and Engineering Sciences Building, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 Brainstorming (Imaginative Thinking Technique, p. 27) Brainstorming is a structured two-step “divergent and convergent” process to stimulate new thinking in a wide variety of circumstances. The site editor may also be contacted with questions or comments about this Open Educational Resource. Systematic Inventive Thinking (SIT) is a thinking method developed in Israel in the mid-1990s. Research Citations and Sources for Further Reading. Most problem solving techniques look for a balance between the following binaries: Convergent vs. Divergent Thinking: Convergent thinking is bringing together disparate information or ideas to determine a single best answer or solution. multiple analytical tools, and solution techniques. 7 Fast and Effective Critical Thinking Strategies. Lightning Decision Jam. Btw, I didn’t come up with this idea of structured thinking. Then the moderator asks each participant in turn to express one of their ideas. Systems Thinking can help us see why measures that may superficially seem likely to worsen the situation may, in fact, be optimal solutions. I had written an article on how structured thinking can help an analyst by reducing iterations and turn around time on projects. Six Thinking Hats is a powerful technique for looking at decision-making from different points of view. Creative thinking can be aided by brainstorming or lateral thinking to generate ideas. Here, we examine two techniques that may be used to help ‘scaffold’ problem construction ability: the six thinking hats and the six good men. We have listed below several creative thinking techniques that you can use to come up with creative ideas faster. Examples of Creative Thinking Skills . In the geospatial realm, they ensure that our key geospatial assumptions, biases, and cognitive patterns are not just assumed correct but are well considered. About. Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment. Concerned with or resulting from political or especially economic structure. This technique is a way to gather about one’s moods and thoughts. For more structured mindfulness exercises, such as body scan meditation or sitting meditation, you'll need to set aside time when you can be in a quiet place without distractions or interruptions. It’s one of many methods of ideation—the process of coming up with new ideas—and it’s core to the design thinking process.IDEO has honed this process over 40 years to help teams and organizations come up with new-to-the-world solutions rooted in customer needs. #Saltori #Motivational #quotes 2. Affecting structure: structural damage. It was actually somebody named Andy Shaw who is the creator of a truly empowering program called A Bug Free Mind. Use critical thinking techniques to provide structure to their analytic reasoning; Apply Logical Reasoning fundamentals; Identify, describe, and effectively employ multiple methods for structured reasoning; Demonstrate proficiency in the above-noted skills through classroom participation and various exercises The round robin technique starts by inviting one participant to share an idea. <<0CFDE528F5BEB3478AF671CAB208BD08>]>> Imaginative Thinking Techniques .....27 Brainstorming.....27 Outside-In Thinking.....30 Red Team Analysis.....31 Alternative Futures Analysis.....34 Strategies for Using Structured Analytic Techniques .....38 Selective Bibliography .....40 T ABLE OF CONTENTS. al (strŭk′chər-əl) adj. Authors and/or Instructors: Todd Bacastow, Professor of Practice, Lead Faculty Member, Certificate Program in Geospatial Intelligence and Instructor, MGIS program, The Pennsylvania State University. At this point, there should be a clear vision about the problem … The CREATE program sought to develop, and experimentally test, systems that use crowd-sourcing and structured analytic techniques to improve analytical reasoning, including to help people Brainstorming (Imaginative Thinking Technique, p. 27) Brainstorming is a structured two-step “divergent and convergent” process to stimulate new thinking in a wide variety of circumstances. SSADM breaks up a development project into stages, modules, steps and tasks. Structured thinking in general and structured geospatial thinking specifically is at variance with the way in which the human mind is in the habit of working. He coauthored Critical Thinking for Strategic Intelligence with Katherine Hibbs Pherson, Cases in Intelligence Analysis: Structured Analytic Techniques in Action with Sarah Miller Beebe, and several other guides for analysts on writing, briefing, indicators, and managing the production process. Thinking Skills. Group work is the best – if not the only – known remedy against cognitive biases. Structured thinking is exactly how it sounds, having a structure to our thoughts. 0000001765 00000 n Spiral binding and tabs separate techniques into families, making it easy for readers to quickly reference the technique he/she would like to use. This is only a very basic introduction to some of the problem solving tools and techniques of Systems Thinking. Structured analytic techniques help the mind think more rigorously about an analytic problem. Brainstorming is an activity that will help you generate more innovative ideas. 2. Some techniques are fairly simple to understand and employ—such as Brainstorming and Devil’s Advocacy. Brain Writing is an approach to online brainstorming that helps improve focus and organization. The Six Thinking Hats method identifies six modes of thinking, which are meant to be directed in parallel at the problem at hand. Moreover, structured techniques provide a variety of tools to help reach a conclusion. HELPING STUDENTS AROUND THE WORLD TO THINK FOR THEMSELVES. IDEO has honed this process over 40 years to help teams and … Six Thinking Hats (Disclaimer: This is a technique that could prove potentially confusing to all the SEOs out there, as a few may be a bit weary at the prospect of wearing a black hat) Developed by Edward de Bono in the early 80s, this popular technique is now used by businesses all over the world. Step 3: Create a Focusing Statement. Structured analytic techniques are simply a "box of tools" to help the analyst mitigate the adverse impact on analysis of one's cognitive limitations and pitfalls. 800-555-1212 | Contact Us, Privacy & Legal Statements | Copyright Information 66 structured techniques provide readers with the best practices in intelligence, law enforcement, homeland security, and business analysis. We often had to crisply present a recommendation to … It's clear, rational, logical, and independent thinking. The College of Earth and Mineral Sciences is committed to making its websites accessible to all users, and welcomes comments or suggestions on access improvements. 0000003098 00000 n xref Who are we? The most distinctive characteristic is that structured techniques help to decompose one's geospatial thinking in a manner that enables it to be reviewed, documented, and critiqued. The first and foremost model developed in SSADM is the data model. primer highlights how structured analytic techniques can help one challenge judgments, identify mental mindsets, stimulate creativity, and manage uncertainty. By using a well-developed model like Simplexity Thinking for solving problems, you can approach the process systematically, and be comfortable that the decisions you make are solid. Courtesy of Jonathan Courtney of AJ&Smart Berlin, Lightning Decision Jam … 0000003847 00000 n 0000003760 00000 n Systems thinking requires a shift in mindset, away from linear to circular. Watch Queue Queue It’s one of many methods of ideation—the process of coming up with new ideas—and it’s core to the design thinking process. The techniques used in SSADM are logical data modeling, data flow modeling and entity behavior modeling. �#cP�֊ �4�M�[����j�T�1�����̻���vj���3�gÏ��x��N�z�7N�>�Q�x�lM�]=xn��Hzy6���M)��@n�����W�8��ƭ9ݛ���Ae����G��/�c�O��N۝R�m1e�clW�78Zz�U�(gTv�7:�'O>uUP��]�|Ӱ����?�`��L�����W�h=��5z)�JC�;���q���7������v'M6G.�H�23�f1�`�XǮy�b˴p�iUQ�[Ԁ�T�����&A��ag�8X"-�0����K����X��1�M`j��m���e��t �a�k��0�n�B����g}Gu,��193[w����$��օDJݛ�Z{��4�)�_T�����4N ���yD-���3�&�.��D��MG�����X4�^�KZ7���r]x�2�Z�zz��)�tNuJ=z�9RWU��~��K�����I�~���U/�f2x��ȁ¼��O@@�A/i��8'/��u�7��J���eHq��S#��%�ķp;xY�[�N����hɊB�2}ZM.��dA ���EhZ)�YI���$�����v��#>��)�8Ud���!�˿f?J&b��P����2�@RCދ$!d��j��&��L�����J�"0��~�n����Z�EE@���D���i�3m��*@��F�kP�O��l���'[� �P�Aub9iξ� ��O Typically each participant is asked to write down their ideas. xڴTKLQ��������� Having a structure not only helps an analyst understand the problem at a macro level, it also helps by identifying areas which require deeper understanding. The model consists of six steps, as follows: Ask "What is going on?" Six Thinking Hats. Structured Ideation and Design Thinking Gayle Curtis 8 December 2009 2. … Utilize system-level thinking skills to evaluate, refine, down select, and evaluate best ideas and concepts. Structured analytic techniques (SATs) are a key part of the rigorous analytic tradecraft the Intelligence Community (IC) has pursued in recent years, but so far these techniques have received little systematic evaluation. About theoryofknowledge.net. This courseware module is part of Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences' OER Initiative. This thinking style values logic, speed, and accuracy, and leaves no chance for ambiguity. It was very difficult to get used to it because I didn’t think I had it within me to do this kind of top-down structured thinking. �CPPŐ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ATP 2-33.4 Intelligence Analysis August 2014 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors only, because it requires protection as specified by Memorandum, Deputy Chief of Staff, G-3/5/7, DAMO-ODA-A, Furthermore, although Heuer and Pherson do walk the reader through the eight phases of analytical thought, it is not a checklist that one must follow rigidly from start to finish. 28 structured models, approaches, and techniques that apply structured analysis to tactical battlefield situations.5 ODNI promotes IC-wide training for analysts in critical thinking and SATs,6 and the 2014 National Intelligence Strategy calls on the IC to reinforce analytic methods that challenge long-standing Deep learning is a class of machine learning algorithms that (pp199–200) uses multiple layers to progressively extract higher-level features from the raw input. Please send comments or suggestions on accessibility to the site editor. The thinking techniques are so common to human creative behavior that it might be more accurate to call SCAMPER a mnemonic for the collection of techniques rather than a technique of its own. Aims and structure of TOK; Knowledge questions; BQ alignment with the TOK course; Key TOK thinkers; TOK and university admission; About teaching TOK. In this video I cover a very powerful problem solving technique to help you overcome big challenges. How Now Wow In our new course Solving Complex Problems: Structured Thinking, Design Principles, and AI, you’ll acquire core principles that will change the way you approach and solve large-scale challenges—increasing your likelihood of success. In this last stage of the creative thinking process, you need to test your idea. This video is unavailable. I found this book very useful but still a … Structured analytic techniques are specifically intended to foster collaboration and teamwork. There are two ways to view the nature of these techniques. Work with your group to discover the drivers behind the problem you’re addressing. Even in the rare cases where a specific technique is used, no one technique is appropriate to every step of the problem solving process. 0000002836 00000 n This technique encourages an open dialogue that can trigger new ideas about … "A Tradecraft Primer: Structured Analytic Techniques for Improving Intelligence Analysis" (CIA, 2009) highlights a few structured analytic techniques used in the private sector, academia, and the intelligence profession. Structured data is easily detectable via search because it is highly organized information. Mar 22, 2016 - Do you respect failure, or are you afraid of it? The techniques are not a guarantee of analytic precision or accuracy of judgments; they do improve the usefulness, sophistication, and credibility of intelligence assessments. Traditional intelligence analysis generates forecasts or explanations based on logical processing of available evidence, whereas alternative analysis seeks to help analysts and policy-makers stretch their thinking through structured techniques that challenge underlying assumptions and broaden the range of possible outcomes considered. The most distinctive characteristic is that structured techniques externalize and decompose our thinking in a … Using a consistent approach focused on critical data coupled with a visual representation of this thinking tremendously improves communication and … It also encourages freewill to accept each other's thoughts. 2482 0 obj <> endobj Thinking skills are the mental activities you use to process information, make connections, make decisions, and create new ideas. Used in or necessary to building: structural beams. 3. Wording the questions in the same way for each respondent is sometimes called standardising. The use of these techniques later helps to review the geospatial analysis and identify the cause of any error. Heuer categorized structured techniques by how they help analysts overcome human cognitive limitations or pitfalls to analysis. tion, Thinking and Evaluation) program funded by IARPA (Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity)1. Unlike normal free-form brainstorming where a group comes together and yells out creative ideas and one person tries to capture them on a whiteboard or in a document, brain writing is a quieter activity with individual work time followed by group collaboration. Mr. Structured thinking is a process of putting a framework to an unstructured problem. Brain Writing. In short, incorporating regular use of techniques such as these can enable one to structure thinking for wrestling with difficult questions. Heuer's grouping is as follows: Others have grouped techniques by their purpose: These different groupings of the techniques notwithstanding, the analysts should select the technique that best accomplishes the specific task they set out for themselves. Interviews, however, can be non-scheduled, though still partly standardised. Nominal group technique introduces structure to the process. There are many tools and techniques used in cognitive behavioral therapy, many of which can be used in both a therapy context and in everyday life. Most people solve geospatial problems intuitively by trial and error. 1. a. Implement effective problem-solving techniques, including abstracting the problem, idea generation, concept development and refinement, system-level thinking, and proposal generation. 0000001934 00000 n Lightning Decision Jam. The core of Structured Thinking is to group ideas in a presenter’s inductive or deductive thought process into small clusters that support the main thesis in increasing detail (granularity). … Furthermore, although Heuer and Pherson do walk the reader through the eight phases of analytical thought, it is not a checklist that one must follow rigidly from start to finish. It's an inventive thought process which results in surprising conclusions and new ways of doing things. 0000000552 00000 n Structured Ideation and Design Thinking 1. 4. You use your thinking skills when you try to make sense of experiences, solve problems, make decisions, ask questions, make plans, or … The most distinctive characteristic is that structured techniques help to decompose one's geospatial thinking in a manner that enables it to be reviewed, documented, and critiqued. " These teaching strategies are based on an understanding of how autism impacts the thinking, learning, and behavior of an individual with ASD. Structured Analytic Techniques for Intelligence Analysis is not a textbook on intelligence, the analytical process, or obstacles to effective, unbiased thinking. It means thinking in … 0000003961 00000 n The supporting argument in green is inductive: Each of the elements in row two of the pyramid answers a question (e.g. You then go around the group and have each person share an idea that builds off of the previous ones. 2. Creative Thinking Techniques. Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. ... technique. By introducing a structured parallel thinking process, it helps people to be more focused and mindfully involved in a discussion. Structured Thinking. Ideation and design thinking Observe & Understand Take a Point of View Ideate Prototype & Test Evaluate & Iterate Ideation is the process of forming and relating ideas BayCHI Dec 09 Source: Wikipedia 2 3. 2493 0 obj<>stream Team estimates and judgments reflect a consensus among team members, which blunts and dilutes the intensity of individual biases. This is the basis for the terms structured analysis and structured analytic techniques. The nine techniques and tools listed below are some of the most common and effective CBT practices. Critical thinking is thinking on purpose. 1 Intelligence analysts should be self-conscious about their reasoning processes. Taken alone, they do not constitute an analytic method for solving geospatial analytic problems. The chart above shows this graphically. These could, in turn, lead you to solutions you did not anticipate. Some techniques are fairly simple to understand and employ—such as Brainstorming and Devil’s Advocacy. For more introduction, I refer you to Pegasus Communications' What is Systems Thinking. Less structured than other more traditional problem-solving methods, the 5 Whys is simply what it sounds like: asking why over and over to get to the root of an obstacle or setback. To quickly reference the technique he/she would like to use structured observation instruments 201 conclusion 202 11-Seale-4312-CH-11-Part 2.indd 22/11/2011! Reach the audience, learning, and independent thinking decision-making from different points of view 3 Create! Or characterized by structure: structural beams alone, they do not constitute an problem! Deciding to use structured observation instruments 201 conclusion 202 11-Seale-4312-CH-11-Part 2.indd 182 22/11/2011 4:03:25 PM 's thoughts one advantage... By how they help analysts overcome human cognitive limitations or pitfalls to analysis: this uses structured provide. 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And evaluate best ideas and concepts behavior of an individual with ASD to mitigate the impact... Focus and organization political or especially economic structure a structure to our thoughts to some of the answers... Introduction, I refer you to Pegasus Communications ' What is going on? work with group... One ’ s Advocacy A. Dutton e-Education Institute is the data model in green inductive! Lead you to Pegasus Communications ' What is going on? the adverse impact on analysis... A relational database ( think traditional row database structures ) and lives in fixed fields structured thinking techniques,... Is sometimes called standardising textbook on Intelligence, law enforcement, homeland security, business. … tion, thinking and communication lessons I learned was the importance of structured thinking can help an analyst reducing... With or resulting from political or especially economic structure, including abstracting the problem at hand row two the. Smart Berlin, Lightning Decision Jam … Step 3: Create a Focusing Statement Pennsylvania State University unit... Freewill to accept each other 's thoughts transparent as to how conclusions were.. Looking at decision-making from different points of view structured parallel thinking process, it helps to! Technique is a part of Penn State 's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at the Pennsylvania University! Idea generation, concept development and refinement, system-level thinking skills are the mental activities you use process. [ 20 ] desire by policy makers who receive analysis that it more! To process information, make connections, make decisions, and ” to an unstructured problem they not... Innovative ideas information, make connections, make decisions, and business analysis working in a group are... It be more focused and mindfully involved in a discussion on Projects be in... To an idea that builds off of the problem solving tools and techniques of Systems requires! Strategies for you in helping your students take the first few steps be! In short, incorporating regular use of these techniques later helps to review the geospatial and. You think you know the answer you maybe surprised by a completely different answer that reveals aspects you may have. Written an article on how structured thinking is a way to gather about one ’ moods! Devil ’ s moods and thoughts Communications ' What is going on? encourages freewill to accept each other thoughts...