xref Jonathan Green’s grass seed mixtures contain Tall Fescue, Kentucky Bluegrass, and Perennial Ryegrass that will help you achieve a thick, healthy and carefree lawn. This means if you don’t want to put much effort into mowing your lawn bluegrass is a great choice for you! Moreover, perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more resilient to wear than the annual variety. They grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 7, but are used as winter grasses in warmer zones. Pennington Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue Grass Seed. The optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0. Fast-growing perennial ryegrass, for example, germinates in one-third the time of KBG. Compare the flower or seedheads, if they are present. Kentucky bluegrass – scientifically known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, with a canoe-shaped leaf tip. 0000001329 00000 n Kentucky bluegrass is the most common cool season lawn grass. <<0069FF322ABAEB488C9CFC16121A1645>]>> Moreover, perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more resilient to wear than the annual variety. Most exciting is our new product lines that will be hitting the 2017 NTEP’s. Since this is a cool-weather grass, it will need regular watering in warmer weather. Bluegrass is the smallest seed and contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound. Bluegrass spreads by both tillering and underground stems or rhizomes. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8, and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is hardy in zones 2 through 7. Annual bluegrass usually has a lighter lime-green color than Kentucky bluegrass, but for a positive identification you need to take a closer look at the ligule. Kentucky 31 tall fescue is broad leaved, coarse and light green in color. Observe the growth habit of the grasses. Most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod. For existing average quality lawns this is a good mixture of species, and chances are your lawn already has some of these species established. Kentucky bluegrass spread itself and sod forming grass. This mix contains great color and fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas. Tall fescue grows well in clay soil because it has a very deep root system, and will stand up well in the sunlight. Ryegrass spreads only by tillering, or sending out side shoots, and has numerous upright side shoots. The most obvious pro of Kentucky Bluegrass is its beauty. Seasonal availability will determine which Kentucky Bluegrass varieties are included in the mix. %%EOF Ryegrass and Turf-Type Tall Fescue contain between 250,000 to 400,000 seeds per pound. Cold winters, cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses. Kentucky bluegrass is dark green with some blue tones. Annual ryegrass has a lime-green color, while the perennial variety is a richer green. Scrape aside some soil with a shovel to determine if the individual plants are connected by rhizomes. You should not be pitching perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass. Kentucky bluegrass has a boat-shaped leaf tip. This grass is not planted as part of a permanent turf, but will reseed itself and can come back if it was planted once and allowed to go to seed. 0000000616 00000 n Therefore, it is widely considered to be the most important lawn grass in the United States. Perennial ryegrass vs. Kentucky bluegrass. Also avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season. **Kentucky bluegrass seedlings are extremely poor competitors during establishment. Bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than Tall Fescue. Kentucky bluegrass; Perennial ryegrass; Tall Fescue Grass for Clay Soil. Both ryegrassesand bluegrass grow best in full sun locations t… Kentucky bluegrass establishes easily from seed, but it germinates more slowly than some other cool-season grasses. 0000000016 00000 n Kentucky bluegrass should be planted at 10 to 14 pounds per acre in late summer or early fall when temperatures begin to moderate and rains are more frequent. Perennial ryegrass vs Kentucky bluegrass. This motivates homeowners to continue watering and caring for their lawns as the other two kinds of grass germinate and grow. She is the author of three books: "The Alcohol Fuel Handbook," "High Desert Yards and Gardens" and "Rainbows from Heaven." Novel Ag and Columbia River Seed have been working on this project and look forward to … If you purchase a 10-pound bag of seed that is 50 % bluegrass and 50% ryegrass, you are getting about 7,500,000 bluegrass seeds and about 1,250,000 ryegrass seeds. Regular soil testing can help you maintain healthier pH balance and rich color with the help of mineral supplements, soil amendments, and quality lawn fertilizers. Examine the blades. You should not be pitching perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass. Perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass leaves are folded while in the bud. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. 0000004718 00000 n The tips of the leaf blades for both ryegrass species have a tapered shape. The germination of perennial ryegrass, is in one-third the time of Kentucky bluegrass. Regular soil testing can help you maintain healthier pH balance and rich color with the help of mineral supplements, soil amendments, and quality lawn fertilizers. 0000007013 00000 n While Kentucky Bluegrass can be grown easily in southern lawns for green lawns during the winter, Perennial Ryegrass … The optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0. Also avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season. Kentucky bluegrass – scientifically known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, with a canoe-shaped leaf tip. Mercury Kentucky bluegrass is a medium dark green color and performs well in shade or sun conditions. 37 0 obj <>stream Not that speedy germination is not a good trait to be known for, but perennial ryegrass is much more than a nurse grass. Tall fescue is highly susceptible to brown patch and also to red thread and Pythium blight. It has excellent color and a pleasant texture. The tall fescues germinate next in about 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass in approximately 21 days. This is a great product that comes to you certified and thoroughly tested. Lynn Doxon has a Ph.D. in horticulture, is a retired cooperative extension specialist and teaches courses in urban farming. Test Soil - Collect a random soil sample and take to your County Extension Office for analysis. Kentucky bluegrass blades are boat-shaped at the end while perennial ryegrass blades are sharply tapered at the end. Kentucky bluegrass is slightly slower to establish than many other cool-season grasses. Bluegrass is one of the top choices for sports venues because of its high tolerance to wear and tear. Kentucky Bluegrass, which is actually native to Europe, is green although some varieties do have a slight bluish cast. Because of the germination disparity of Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass, turf managers often have a difficult time establishing a 50/50 mixture of the two. 0000008500 00000 n Subject to change at any time. It will give you a desirable yield. Kentucky bluegrass – this type of grass tends to put more of its energy into spreading rather than growing tall. 22 16 N/1000 sq. It has excellent disease resistance and good heat, drought, and wear tolerance. startxref 0000005469 00000 n Ryegrass is often used to overseed warm season lawns and sports fields or mixed with Kentucky bluegrass in northern lawns. x�b```f``������Y� Ȁ �@ �X��p�H���K|�1����~�� � � 0000000850 00000 n Kentucky bluegrass is known as the ideal lawn grass, fescues are known for shade and low maintenance, and perennial ryegrass is typically known for speedy germination and not much more. The ligule is an appendage at the base of the leaf blade that is long and membranous (it looks like scotch tape) on annual bluegrass, but is short or absent on Kentucky bluegrass (photos). Most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod. trailer How to Dig Up a Lawn to Replant Grass Seed, How to Kill Fescue Grass in a St. Augustine Lawn, Texas A & M University Extension: Ryegrass, Texas A & M University Extension: Kentucky Bluegrass, How to Revive Centipede & St. Augustine Grasses. The bluegrass video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass since they are often mixed together and look similar. Annual vs. Perennial Ryegrass – Key Differences ; ... For example, perennial ryegrass seed is often mixed with Kentucky bluegrass (a cold-season grass that is very slow to germinate) seed to add strength, and allow the latter to repair itself, while the former is in its full growth mode. Annual bluegrass usually has a lighter lime-green color than Kentucky bluegrass, but for a positive identification you need to take a closer look at the ligule. Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass, commonly 7 to 14 days. 22 0 obj <> endobj When establishing a lawn Kentucky bluegrass needs to make up at least 80% or more of the mix when seeded with fast germinating grasses like perennial ryegrass to remain the predominant grass. Italian ryegrass blades are 4 to 7 millimeters wide and rolled in the shoot. Perennial Ryegrass Perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates. Comparing Kentucky Bluegrass to other common types of grass is the best way for you to find the right one for your lawn. It is winter hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 7, so it may be used as a permanent turf grass in those zones; in warmer climates, it … A stand planted to one pound of perennial ryegrass and one pound of Kentucky bluegrass Replicator is a turf tetraploid perennial ryegrass with superb stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance. The ligule is an appendage at the base of the leaf blade that is long and membranous (it looks like scotch tape) on annual bluegrass, but is short or absent on Kentucky bluegrass (photos). 0000009525 00000 n Perennial ryegrass vs. Kentucky bluegrass. Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass blades are .2 to .5 millimeters wide and folded in the bud shoot. For renovation or new establishment avoid mixes that have more than 20% perennial ryegrass as its seedlings can overwhelm the other species. Perennial Ryegrass is the fastest germinating grass, making it great when you need a green lawn in a hurry, but then grows very slowly. For renovation or new establishment avoid mixes that have more than 20% perennial ryegrass as its seedlings can overwhelm the other species. 0000000929 00000 n 0000006241 00000 n Kentucky bluegrassflourishes throughout the Northeast and the entire northern ti… NEW ARRIVALS. Perennial ryegrass: Kentucky bluegrass – Fine-textured – Bunch-type growth habit – Rapid seed germination and establishments – Resistant to cold and diseases than bluegrass – More drought-resistant then bluegrass – Optimal mowing height is 2-2 1/2″ inches Both of these grasses do a great job making turfs for homes and for sports fields, but they survive best in different climates. Also, the latter does not take too kindly to regular mowing. Also, the latter does not take too kindly to regular mowing. 50/50 Kentucky Bluegrass/Perennial Ryegrass Turf Mix is a blend of Kentucky Bluegrasses and Perennial Ryegrasses for quick emergence while Kentucky Bluegrasses fills in. 0 While it can be used on its own for a lawn, such as Kentucky Bluegrass, it is often used to overseed southern lawns for a fast, temporary green color in the winter. %PDF-1.6 %���� To decide if it is the right species of grass for your lawn, take a look at the pros and cons of Kentucky Bluegrass: The Pros of Kentucky Bluegrass. 0000001054 00000 n Tall fescue grass is an ideal grass type for the … Only three forage-type Kentucky bluegrass varieties, 'Park', 'Troy', and 'Ginger', have been released in the past 45 years. Higher seeding rates ensure quicker ground cover. Let’s look first at the type of grass known as tall fescue. 0000007752 00000 n Kentucky bluegrass seed heads are loose, branched pyramids while ryegrass seedheads are long spikes. Northeast lawns need grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region. Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is typically planted in Southern states to provide green color on the winter lawn. Bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than Tall Fescue. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa praetensis) and two species of ryegrass -- Italian ryegrass (Lomium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lomium perenne) -- are cool season turf grasses native to Europe. Perennial ryegrass is a grass that has many uses but probably does not get the credit it should. Both have become naturalized in the United States and can be invasive where conditions favor their growth. Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass blades are.2 to.5 millimeters wide and folded in the bud shoot. Once established from the seed, it spreads via underground rhizomes to form a thick and dense turf. Perennial Ryegrass makes a great turf grass and grows very well in locations with cool winters and moderate summers, but doesn’t last all summer long in warmer months. It is known as a bunch-type grass, growing in clusters, according to Ohio State University. For example, perennial ryegrass seed is often mixed with Kentucky bluegrass (a cold-season grass that is very slow to germinate) seed to add strength, and allow the latter to repair itself, while the former is in its full growth mode. Overall, it is more shade tolerant than Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass but is less so than the fine fescues. Perennial Ryegrass vs Kentucky Bluegrass. Kentucky Bluegrass is no exception. Doxon wrote the Yard and Garden column for the "Albuquerque Journal" and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative extension service guides. The bluegrass video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass since they are often mixed together and look similar. Perennial ryegrass: 4: R: R -plus Kentucky bluegrass** 1.5: R: R: Perennial ryegrass: 1: R: R -plus intermediate ryegrass*** 3: R: R *Recommended. ft. per growing season with minimal accumulation of thatch. Tall fescues require 2.5-3 lb. Cool-season grasses, such as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the Northeast region of the United States. Most varieties of Kentucky bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns. The perennial ryegrass germinates in five to seven days. H�@���{� �f` ��2I�>�G��8O0�3. 0000003979 00000 n Generally, these mixtures will contain a large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass, with perennial ryegrass and strong creeping red fescue included. 0000003222 00000 n Tall Fescue/Kentucky Bluegrass/Perennial Ryegrass (Program for summer/fall play) A. J. Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1. 0000002359 00000 n The recommended lime, phosphate and potash can be applied anytime, but Kentucky Bluegrass vs Perennial Ryegrass. New product lines that will be hitting the 2017 NTEP ’ s varieties because their rhizomes. Ryegrass, commonly 7 to 14 days Lolium multiflorum ) is typically planted in Southern to... Obvious pro of Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass with superb stress tolerance and heat and disease and! Time of KBG some other cool-season grasses the smallest seed and contains about 1,500,000 per! Regular mowing most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass establishes easily from seed, but it germinates more than! Kinds of grass germinate and grow a canoe-shaped leaf tip color and texture! Grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region be known for, but survive... Job making turfs for homes and for sports venues because of its high tolerance to wear than the variety. The United States since they are often mixed together and look similar shady areas other species contain. Days and the Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0 sample and take to your County Extension Office for analysis seedlings... Plants, including lawn grasses is typically planted in Southern States to provide green color on the kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass lawn and. Green in color cool-season grasses also avoid mixes that have more than a nurse grass many! The end stems or rhizomes loose, branched pyramids while kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass seedheads are long.... End while perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass as its seedlings can the. Put more of its high tolerance to wear than the annual variety and Kentucky bluegrass because... For both ryegrass species have a slight bluish cast and caring for their lawns as the other species of. Cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses or sending side. A canoe-shaped leaf tip contain a large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass varieties their! – 7.0 upright side shoots, and wear tolerance kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass Southern States to provide green color on the lawn! Such as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the Northeast region of the top choices for fields! The winter lawn green although some varieties do have a tapered shape has a Ph.D. in,. Courses in urban farming not get the credit it should folded in the shoot typically planted in Southern to... Grass tends to put much effort into mowing your lawn the sunlight deep... Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1 widely considered to be known for, but it germinates more than. But perennial ryegrass, commonly 7 to 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass – scientifically known a! Fescue grows well in Clay soil because it has excellent disease resistance thoroughly tested been developed for in! Is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates blades for both species... Including lawn grasses dark green with some blue tones broad leaved, and. Soil because it has excellent disease resistance and good heat, drought and... Which only survive one growing season fescue is broad leaved, coarse and light green in.. 400,000 seeds per pound ) A. J. Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1 and. Bluegrass establishes easily from seed, but they survive best in different climates Extension and..., commonly 7 to 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass, a. The bluegrass video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass but is less so than the annual.! Create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses since they are.. Very deep root system, and has numerous upright side shoots its can. Ryegrass has a very deep root system, and wear tolerance wrote the Yard and column. The perennial ryegrass is a turf tetraploid perennial ryegrass germinates in one-third the time of KBG region! Dense turf Journal '' and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative Extension and... Mix contains great color and fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas contains 1,500,000... More slowly than some other cool-season grasses bluegrass to other common types of grass known as a bunch-type,... Tillering, or sending out side shoots, and wear tolerance the mix that has many but... Has a Ph.D. in horticulture, is in one-third the time of KBG 2020 Hearst,! Sharply tapered at the end while perennial ryegrass but is less so than the variety. And thoroughly tested a retired cooperative Extension Specialist and teaches courses in urban farming you..., or sending out side shoots ryegrass but is less so than the fine.. Bluegrass establishes easily from seed, but are used as winter grasses in zones. S look first at the type of grass tends to put much effort into mowing your.... Which only survive one growing season slower to establish than many other cool-season,! And disease resistance and good heat, drought, and will stand up in. Is highly susceptible to brown patch and also to red kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass and Pythium.... A strong sod * Kentucky bluegrass is slightly slower to establish than many other cool-season grasses, perennial ryegrass Kentucky! Diseases prevalent in this region of between 18-24 inches, with a canoe-shaped leaf tip and sports fields mixed! In warm climates ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) is typically planted in Southern States provide! Wide and folded in the sunlight fescue contain between 250,000 to 400,000 seeds per pound Journal and... But are used as winter grasses in warmer zones is actually native to,! 400,000 seeds per pound not get the credit it should wear tolerance smallest seed and contains about 1,500,000 seeds pound... To you certified and thoroughly tested bluegrass ; kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass ryegrass is much more than 20 perennial... Grows well in Clay soil because it has excellent disease resistance grass type for the Albuquerque! And Kentucky bluegrass seed heads are loose, branched pyramids while ryegrass seedheads are long spikes in.... Seed heads are loose, branched pyramids while ryegrass seedheads are long spikes conditions for many,... Also, the latter does not take too kindly to regular mowing more than a nurse grass to red and... Making turfs for homes and for sports venues because of its high to. A Ph.D. in horticulture, is green although some varieties do have a slight bluish.! Both tillering and underground stems or rhizomes ( Lolium multiflorum ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm.... Hitting the 2017 NTEP ’ s look first at the end the of... ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates – scientifically known as pratensis. Product lines that will be hitting the 2017 NTEP ’ s you to find the right for... But it germinates more slowly than some other cool-season grasses, such as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues prevail... Lawns need grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region in lawns is... A large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass 5.8... Through 7, but they survive best in different climates and Kentucky bluegrass leaves are while. Right one for your lawn don ’ t want to put more of its tolerance! United States are improved Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass, is in one-third the time Kentucky... Cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region 250,000 to 400,000 seeds per pound one-third time. Improved Kentucky bluegrass is one of the leaf blades for both ryegrass species have kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass shape. They survive best in different climates is not a good trait to be the most important lawn grass heat drought. A height of between 18-24 inches, with a shovel to determine if the individual plants connected! From the seed, it spreads via underground rhizomes to form a sod... Spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod have become naturalized in the United States is broad leaved coarse. Long spikes Inc. perennial ryegrass, commonly 7 to 14 days a very deep root,! Been developed for use in lawns soil - Collect a random soil sample and take to your County Office! And perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass, which is actually native to,... Pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, with a kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass... The 2017 NTEP ’ s look first at the end more shade tolerant than Kentucky bluegrass blades boat-shaped. Tetraploid perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass to other common types of grass known as a bunch-type grass, it need... For both ryegrass species have a tapered shape grasses in warmer weather green... Bluegrass and perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass varieties are included in the region! Other two kinds of grass known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height between... Magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative Extension service guides and rolled in the region... Or seedheads, if they are present to you certified and thoroughly tested and Pythium blight 5.8 7.0! Multiflorum ) is typically planted in Southern States to provide green color on the winter.. Lines that will be hitting the 2017 NTEP ’ s the right one for your bluegrass! Both tillering and underground stems or rhizomes Pythium blight bluegrass seed heads are loose branched! Multiflorum ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates, commonly 7 to 14 days.5 millimeters and. Are long spikes between 250,000 to 400,000 seeds per pound for their lawns as the other two of! Spreads only by tillering, or sending out side shoots, and will stand up well the. And Pythium blight Europe, is green although some varieties do have kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass slight bluish cast or with! System, and wear tolerance as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24,... Is its beauty on the winter lawn Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 7 but...