The Pak clans claim no founding ancestors from foreign lands. A basic unit of the Korean traditional kinship system is the clan, or bongwan, a group whose surname signifies a common geographical origin. The Okchowere a small clan that settled on the northeastern coast of Korea. Cart 0. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clans of Korea Subcategories. Even within each clan, people in different families are not related to each other. The following quiz and worksheet will help you test your knowledge of the early clans of Korea. [13] Many northern Chinese fled to Korea during the transition period between Yuan and Ming. Korean words for clan include 씨족, 벌족, 대가족 and 씨족의. Others, like the heavy-industries-focused Doosan Group, trace it … Korean : there is only one Chinese character for this surname, which is the third most common in Korea, and can be found in every part of the peninsula. [3], Type of kinship clan organization in Korean culture, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The law of Family name and Bon-gwan(adoptive child)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bon-gwan&oldid=984664972, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from October 2014, Wikipedia articles with style issues from October 2014, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 11:01. Until 1997, this was also the law, but this was ruled unconstitutional - and now DNA tests have superseded bon-gwan as an indication of one's lineage. Korean for Foreigners +34 915 231 806. libreria@aprendecoreanohoy.com. clans of foreign origin from the late Goryeo and Joseon periods) are rare and their member numbers are relatively low; the most populous and widely propagated family names and clan names in Korea are indigenous. Login Sign Up . The following list of surnames and clans is based on the 2000 A.D. South Korean census published by the Korean National Statistical Office. The bongwan system identifies descent groups by geographic place of origin.[1]. [7][8] However, according to Jin Guanlin, the ancestral origins of those three family names of Chinese origin are "nearly impossible" to verify. [6] Out of the 286 Korean family names, the top 10 account for 64.1 percent of the population of South Korea: of those 10, three lay claim to a progenitor of Chinese origin, and account for 5.8 percent of the population. As a result of the Allied victory in World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two sovereign states with different political ideologies: the Republic of Korea to the south and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north. By 200 AD, the Chinese Han court had received envoys from as many as 30 clans from northern Kyushu through their offices on the Korean peninsula. Kims can be found in virtually every part of Korea. The book that contains the most lies is probably the jokbo (genealogy book)." Articles; Videos; Prep / Survival. Some sungs are mixtures where some origins of the clans are from China, while others from Korea. ... Rival clans Mid-12th century. Yi Seong-gye, the founder of the Joseon dynasty, was born in the northeast region and supported by the Jurchens of the region, such as Yi Ji-ran, who contributed to the founding of Joseon and played an important role in improving relations between Joseon and Jurchens of the Northeast. Articles; Videos; Financial. According to the legend, Park Hyeokgeosewas the founder of this Korean surname. [7][9], According to historian Han Hong-koo of Sungkonghoe University, "About 40 to 50 percent of Korean family names are probably 'naturalized family names', but to say that there are actually that many naturalized families is not true. Since Korea has been traditionally a Confucian country, this clan system is similar to ancient Chinese distinction of clan names or xing (姓) and lineage names or shi (氏). [3][4] This phenomenon of linking clans to a progenitor of Chinese origin without any historical basis continued into the Joseon period. [10], According to Jin Guanlin, "It can be said that from the end of the Chinese Warring States period to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, many Chinese moved to Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, blended among the indigenous people, and over time forgot about their Chinese origins. But not even all those who are Kims by inheritance are the same. Following his victory in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, however, Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616) swiftly consolidated power from his heavily fortified castle at Edo (now Tokyo). This ended Japan’s 35 year rule of Korea. [12] Large-scale immigration from China diminished greatly during the Later Silla period, but resumed during the Goryeo period by people escaping turmoil in China. Some clans were considered an elite yangban clan. Different family names sharing the same bon-gwan sometimes trace their origin to a common paternal ancestor, e.g. However, a bon-gwan isn't treated as a part of a Korean person's name. In contrast with Chinese history, Korea enjoyed greater stability until its annexation by Japan in 1910. the Gimhae Kim [ko] clan and the Gimhae Heo [ko] clan share Suro of Geumgwan Gaya as their common paternal ancestor, though such case is exceptional. 8. It is believed they were later absorbed into the Koguryo state as they rose to power. ... Korean clan names of Chinese origin‎ (5 C, 202 P) ... Korean clan names of foreign origin; Last edited on 3 May 2020, at 17:57. The Qing dynasty was central to East and Southeast Asian history and leadership during its reign, which started when Manchus clans defeated the last of the Ming rulers and claimed control of imperial China. Bon-gwan are used to distinguish different lineages that bear the same family name. Normally the clans are not related, even if they have the same family name. Alternative Political News. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States. [citation needed] The bon-gwan and the family name are passed on from a father to his children, thus ensuring that persons in the same paternal lineage share the same combination of the bon-gwan and the family name. Korean Last Names Most popular Korean last names on FamilyEducation: Lee, Kim, Choi. Many family names can be broken down into multiple clans (BoGuan). [17] Many Jurchens and Manchus immigrated to Korea and established clans, according to Goryeo and Joseon records, but in modern times only one clan continues to claim Jurchen ancestry. The most common last name in South Korea is Kim. [3] Korean clans originating from the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties that immigrated during the Goryeo period have ample details to support a Chinese origin, unlike pre-Goryeo clans. During the Three Kingdoms period, which lasted until the late seventh century, using surnames was a privilege given to a limited number of social groups such as royal clans and the aristocracy. The ancestral origins of many Korean clan names of foreign origin cannot be historically verified outside of a clan's own genealogical records: the ones from the Joseon period, as well as several from the Goryeo period, can be considered historical and factual, but the ones dating before the Goryeo period are impossible to confirm. The turning point was probably the An Lushan rebellion (755-763), in which a general of foreign origin led a … After centuries of considerable foreign influence in China, a growing resentment against foreign culture, particularly among the literate classes, increasingly took hold. South Korea - South Korea - Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: Less than one-fourth of the republic’s area is cultivated. History of the Samurai. The Pak clans claim no founding ancestors from foreign lands. [14] Many scholars came from the Ming to escape the Qing during the 17th century. [7] Although many Korean clans claim to be of Chinese origin, the number of legitimately foreign Korean clans (i.e. Articles; Videos; Health. All Korean surnames have a Chinese character, and all Koreans are descent members of a clan, with several clans bearing the same surname. In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. Although some sources indicate that there are 270 Pak clans, only 44 of these can be documented. Yi Won, who taught Choe Museon how to manufacture gunpowder, came from Jiangnan, China. In fact in a population of a little more than 50 million, one in five are named Kim. In this case, Gyeongju and Gimhae are the respective bon-gwan of these clans. Pak Name Meaning Korean: there is only one Chinese character for this surname, which is the third most common in Korea, and can be found in every part of the peninsula. But Mr. Lee, a 31-year-old civil servant, and his fiancee face a battle against Korean history that threatens to bring their love to ruin: they have the same last name. Bon-gwan is the concept of clan in Korea, which is used to distinguish clans that happen to share a same family name (clan name). [13] There was little immigration from China during the first half of the Joseon period, but many Han Chinese settled in Korea during the Imjin War as well as during the fall of Ming. Since the Korean verb for "to shine" or "to be bright" is spelled B-A-R-G in hangeul characters, his last name became Bak. Menu. Home; News. As with most other Korean family names, there are many Kim clans, known in Korean as bon-gwan(본관, 本貫), each of which consists of individual Kim families. [5], In South Korea, there are a total of 286 Korean family names, roughly half of which are of foreign origin (mostly Chinese), and 4,179 clan names (bon-gwan). There are about 300 Korean family names. He was said to be hatched from an egg and when the egg shell cracked, there were rays of light that came from it. A Korean clan is a group of people that share the same paternal ancestor and is indicated by the combination of a bon-gwan and a family name (clan name). Being on the coast, the Okcho developed a culture around fishing and agriculture, and sometimes traded goods with their neighbors, but never developed a monetary system. [3] In this case, the adoptive parents must visit a family court to request permission to change the family name. [3] However, in exceptional circumstances, adoptive parents can change an adopted child’s family name for the adopted child's welfare. Thus, different Kims can trace their lineage to different places, most notably Gimhae. It was around the Christian era when the Chinese practice of using surnames was first introduced to ancient kingdoms on the Korean Peninsula. Han continues that 100 years ago, only 15 to 20 percent of Koreans were registered in genealogy books, but today genealogy books have become completely ubiquitous. Questions will focus on the history, conflicts, and interrelations between the various clans. Japanese society of the third century was composed of many clans, capable and willing to wage war for advantage. The two largest Kim clans, the Kim family of Kimhae and the Kim family of Kyongju, are descended from semi-mythological characters who lived two thousand years ago. Although some sources indicate that there are 270 Pak clans, only 44 of these can be documented. Image: Hwaseong Fortress in Suwo, South Korea. The adoption of clan names and progenitors of Chinese origin was rare during the Three Kingdoms and Later Sillaperiods, but increased during the Goryeo period, despite clans not having … Chinese practice of using surnames was first introduced to ancient kingdoms on the Korean Peninsula most common last in! 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